Animal care

Yukon University is committed to providing humane treatment and care of animals in accordance with the standards and principles established by the Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC). These standards and principles apply to all uses of animals in teaching, testing and research. There are important responsibilities:

  • to ensure that good science is conducted
  • to meet ethical responsibilities for ensuring that every animal is treated humanely and not subjected to unnecessary pain or distress, and;
  • to work within the acceptable standards for experimental animal care and use

The CCAC program is based on scientific peer review, policy making, and responsibility at the institutional level, and they monitor compliance through their assessment program. Yukon University holds the CCAC Certificate of Good Animal Practice, indicating that it is in compliance with these national standards set by the CCAC. For projects funded by NSERC, SSHRC and CIHR, the University also complies with the conditions of the Agreement on the Administration of Agency Grants and Awards by Research Institutions.

Policy

Policy requires all animal users submit a protocol form to the Animal Care Committee for review and approval.  This must be submitted and approved before:

  • any animal use in teaching, testing or research begins
  • the release of funds (in the case of funded research)
  • any animals are acquired, held or used
Animal care training

All students, staff and faculty who have no previous experience in animal care are required to take mandatory training prior to conducting research or teaching. To access the training modules, please contact the research operations manager.

The Institutional Animal User Training program is provided through the Office of Research Ethics

Animal use and care forms

Applications must be received in full to be presented to the Animal Care Committee (ACC) for review. Complete the appropriate form below and submit it to the ACC coordinator, Valoree Walker.

  • ACC Protocol Review Application: For the use of animals in research, teaching and testing.
  • ACC Evidence of Skills and Training Form: To be completed by each person listed on an animal use protocol.
  • ACC Request to Amend an Approved Animal Use Protocol
  • ACC Protocol Renewal Application: For previously approved protocols involving animals
  • ACC Pedagogical Merit Assessment Form
  • ACC Student Pedagogical Merit Feedback Form
  • ACC Final Reporting: Year-end reporting for protocols involving animals
  • ACC Incident Reporting: for recording unanticipated animal related incidents and mortality.
  • ACC Exceptions Form: Some research, teaching or other activities may not require full review by the Animal Care Committee.
    • The following do not require full review:
      1. Research or teaching protocols that are Category A of invasiveness
        • Observation of wild animals (where the research does not involve modification of the environment that might affect animal behavior);
        • Invertebrate animal research (below Class Cephalopoda);
        • Work involving live isolates (ex. excreta/parasites collected from the environment without handling live animals, zebrafish embryos less than 96 hours old, chick embryos at less than 2/3 incubation);
        • Work involving animal derived tissues or cadavers (animals found dead or tissue obtained from a slaughterhouse or animals euthanized under another animal use protocol for that research).
      2. Other activities that involve interacting with animals that are not research, teaching or testing, may also not require ethics review, but may still require consideration of animal welfare, human health and safety, or other issues that need to be addressed.
    • For these cases, complete the ACC Exceptions Form and submit to the ACC Coordinator (vwalker@yukonu.ca) before any research/teaching activity begins.

Animal Care Committee

ACC Responsibilities

The Animal Care Committee works to promote animal welfare and allay some of the public concerns for animal experimentation by ensuring:

  • the adequate care of animals in all stages of life
  • veterinary assistance in the case of sickness, injury or elective procedures
  • regular site visits are undertaken
  • each project is found to have scientific merit through independent peer review
  • the establishment and implementation of procedures corresponding with current veterinary standards

The Animal Care Committee has the responsibility to guarantee that no animal protocols move forward without prior approval. This involves:

  • providing all ACC members and animal users with access to CCAC guidelines
  • assisting animal users in completing and submitting the appropriate protocol form
  • approving and documenting all modifications to approved protocols before they are implemented
  • annually reviewing all on-going protocols
  • maintaining an appropriate appeal process
  • documenting and attaching all ACC discussions and decisions to the protocol
  • YukonUACC Terms of Reference

Membership Terms

The University Animal Care Committee includes representation from the following areas:

  • two (2) Faculty or staff members and one alternate with experience in animal care and use
  • one (1) veterinarian experienced in experimental animal care and use
  • one (1) institutional member who normal activities, past and present, do not depend on or involve animal use for research, teaching or testing
  • one (1) representative from Occupational Health and Safety
  • one (1) student representative
  • one (1) or two (2) community representatives, who have no affiliation with the University and who has not been involved in animal use for research, teaching or testing.
  • University animal facility technician or manager
  • ACC Coordinator (ex officio)
  • others as deemed appropriate – these individuals may be asked to review protocols as the need arises.

ACC authority

The Animal Care Committee has the authority to:

  • approve, decline or request modifications to animal use in teaching, testing or research
  • stop any objectionable procedure
  • immediately stop any use of animals that deviates from the approved use
  • have an animal killed humanely if deemed necessary
  • Post-Approval Monitoring Program

This describes the Yukon University Post-Approval Monitoring (PAM) program to monitor the work with animals in Animal Care Protocols (ACP) following Animal Care Committee (ACC) approval.

This program includes facility site visits when procedures are being performed, evaluation of document and record keeping, a comparison of the actual activities being performed and those that are approved on the protocol, and the use of endpoint monitoring, Annual Renewals and Facility Assessments.

Document is currently under development.


Meeting dates and protocol submission deadlines

The Committee meets 2-3 times per year.  To find out when the next meeting is to be held and deadlines for protocol submissions contact the ACC Coordinator

 

Policies and regulations
Yukon University
National

The Canadian Council on Animal Care is the National Peer Review agency responsible for setting and maintaining standards for the care and use of animals in research, teaching and testing throughout Canada. https://www.ccac.ca/

Contact us

Please contact the ACC Coordinator or the YukonU ACC Veterinarian with any questions or concerns about animal care applications and requirements.

Valoree Walker

Research Ethics Coordinator

YukonU Research Centre

 

Dr. Jane Harms
YukonU ACC Veterinarian
Program Veterinarian, Yukon Government
Department of Environment
Animal Health Unit
Phone: 867.667.8663
Email: Jane.Harms@gov.yk.ca